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Collection Charles H. Ford
WVM ID Number WVM Mss 1713
Object Name Archive
Title Papers and photographs, 1861-1862.
Year Range from 1861
Year Range to 1862
Event Civil War
Description Papers and photographs pertaining to the service of Charles H. Ford, a Waupun, Wisconsin resident who served as an officer with Company K, 10th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. Papers include a handwritten diary, a letter written by Ford, various newspaper clippings, and additional miscellaneous materials kept by Ford. The diary was kept by Ford during 1861, and includes short entries for each day of the year. Entries generally cover his daily life as an insurance agent in the Waupun area, and include information about his business activities, general weather updates, and socializing with friends. Entries pertaining to his service and the Civil War in general begin on April 18, when he mentions attending a meeting about raising a militia unit (Waupun Light Guards). He describes raising the unit and the excitement in town (April 19-22), but eventually resigns from the unit when asked to sign a three year commitment (May 21). Ford officially joined the Army in September, when he enlisted with a unit being raised out of Waupun, and received a commission in September 1861 as second lieutenant. Entries from this period discuss recruiting men to from a Waupun company and being attached to the 10th Wisconsin (September), ordered to training camp and undergoing training (September 27-October), receiving orders to travel to Kentucky (November 6-11), and being stationed in Kentucky (November-December). Other interesting entries include one about the Battle of Bull Run (July 23), and hearing of a hoax of American Indian attacks in Horicon, Wisconsin (August 26-27). The letter was written by Ford to E. Hillyer while Ford was stationed in Bellefonte, Alabama (June 2, 1863). The letter talks about headquarters for the regiment being moved to Bellefonte, the dislike the colonel of the regiment had for Companies I and K, and an interesting account of talking to paroled Union prisoners from Shiloh, who report of hard conditions for Southerners. Newspaper clippings include articles reporting the mustering and training of Company K in 1861, descriptions of the attack on Fort Sumter, and the war in general. Additional manuscripts include personal receipts and calling cards from unidentified women. The photograph is a tintype featuring Ford, seated and in uniform wearing second lieutenant shoulder boards, posing with two unidentified officers. Ford is seated on the left, with an unidentified major seated in the center and unidentified first lieutenant seated on the right. The image was taken sometime between 1861 and 1862, corresponding with the time Ford held the rank of second lieutenant.
Extent and Medium of Description Papers : 0.2 linear ft. (1 flat box and 2 folders)
Photographs : 0.1 linear ft. (1 folder)
History Charles H. Ford worked as an insurance agent in the Waupun area before accepting a commission as second lieutenant in 1861. He was later promoted to first lieutenant with Company D, before eventually serving as captain of Company K. After mustering out in 1864, he returned to Waupun, and according to census records from 1870, was still working in the area as an insurance agent.
Biographical Record Ford, Charles H.
Subjects United States. -- Army. -- Wisconsin Infantry Regiment, 10th (1861-1864). -- Company K. -- Officers.
Soldiers -- Wisconsin -- Waupun.
Veterans -- Wisconsin -- Waupun.
Soldiers -- Training of.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Public opinion.
Kentucky -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.
Alabama -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.